Month: November 2017

Some Facts About Plumbing

Defined as any sort of system that conveys fluids, plumbing is an essential tool of daily living in the modern developed world. The word is derived from the Latin term plumbum, meaning “lead,” since the first functional pipes used by the ancient Romans were made from lead. Plumbing dates back nearly 3000 years, as it was also in use in other advanced ancient civilizations such as Greece, Persia, India, and China in addition to Rome. The construction of public bath houses necessitated a system to provide potable water and remove waste water, with greater amounts of people putting these new bath houses to good use. Unfortunately, the Fall of Rome resulted in the regression of this modern convenience and it would be over a thousand years until improvements in plumbing were made.

 

The development of densely populated, major metropolitan centres in the 1800s eventually required a better system than merely collecting waste and dumping it on the ground or in the river. In order to quell raging epidemics of disease, the outcry of public health officials eventually led to open sewage ditches and cesspools being replaced by separate water and sewage systems built underground. The large cities of today use sewage treatment plants, where solid waste is piped in, separated, and purified before the treated water is released into streams and other natural sources of water. Although plumbing has its origins in the Roman word for lead, copper piping has actually replaced lead due to the widespread knowledge gained after World War II of the harm caused by lead poisoning.

 

Because of its association with the Roman word plumbum, a plumbarius — later shortened to “plumber” — originally described anyone who worked with lead, including workmen fixing a lead roof. In our modern world, a plumber is defined … Read More ...